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History of Jaipur


Jaipur history is truly captivating. Jaipur, the Pink Glory of India, was formed as a city in 1727. Much before that, in 12th century, the Kanchchwaha kinfolk of Rajputs arrived at the Old Fort palace of the Aravalli valley, Ambar Fort. The Kanchchwahas used to claim their origin as the successors of Kush, one of the sons of Lord Rama. Now that's a controversial part of the story but what these Kanchchwahas did was gathered a lot of power with the help of their ever-shining swords. They were ambitious, dreamy, and aggressive in nature and they compromised on nothing to ensure their victory. Thus the glorious history of Jaipur started its sojourn.

The Amber fort is still there, standing straight with all its pride and glory. It is golden in color and situated over a craggy hill. The Maota Lake which is a bystander of many battles will stare at you as if it wants to tell you something. The fort is a must-see for any enthusiast of the history of Jaipur. The fort is surrounded by shielding hills. Up on the valley, is the Jaigarh fort which makes it an entirety of defense. The real magic is inside the Amber fort where you will find pools, cascades and artifact that will hypnotize you for sure. The glass-decoration of the rooms even made green-eyed the Mughal emperors.

Let's get back to the history of Jaipur. Raja Bihar Mal was the first Rajput to get aware of the Mughal power. So he sent a 5,000 people battalion to help Humayun, coeval Mughal ruler. He was the first Rajput to represent his territory in Mughal Court. When Akbar came to Ajmer, one of the Muslim holy places, he endowed his daughter to marry Akbar. this was a sheer political strategy. One more strategy he took. He sent man Singh as a royal service-person of Akbar. Jahangir was born to Akbar and the daughter of Bihar Mal. Man Singh continued to be an important decision maker in Mughal court. Jai Singh I continued with this pride and glory and became one of the most valued commanders of Aurangezeb. Jay Singh II, another great ruler was a great carrier of the same baton. He was awarded ‘Sawai' by Aurangezeb at a very young age which was of a great height. He set up an observatory which is a must-visit for each and every outsider visiting Jaipur. It's a living history itself.

However, history of Jaipur was not confined within the mere establishment of an observatory as you can guess. Sawai jai Singh studied city pans of several European cities, discussed with many eminent architects, scientists and philosophers and planned to build the city. In fact, Jaipur was the first planned city in India. He put down the foundation stone of the city in 1727. Jaipur history took a ground-breaking turn. A famous architect of that time, Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, was behind the outline of today's Pink City, Jaipur. Seven blocks of buildings were built at the very first phase and high walls surrounded these buildings with ten gates for entering the city. The modern history of Jaipur started journeying thereafter. The whole city was colored as pink is the soothing color for welcome. This way, Jai Singh wanted to greet Prince of Wales in 1776. After demise of Jai Singh began to lose its glory gradually and came under the control of the colonial rulers. Obviously, the change was not doe in one day. But Jaipur could not return to its glorious days anymore. The history of Jaipur, this way, has got myriad shades. The colonial Jaipur, however, could spread its Pink Magic to the British rulers. still today, Jaipur is considered as the Pink City of the world.